Introducing to architectural engineering

Содержание

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Classification by construction method Masonry structure Wood Frame structure Light Gauge Steel Frame

Classification by construction method

Masonry structure
Wood Frame structure
Light Gauge Steel Frame structure
Prefabricated

structure (precast)
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Classification by construction method Masonry structure Advantages: high compressive strength under vertical loads

Classification by construction method

Masonry structure
Advantages: high compressive strength under vertical loads


Disadvantages: low tensile strength (against twisting or stretching)
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Classification by construction method Wood Frame structure Advantages: low construction cost; easy to

Classification by construction method

Wood Frame structure
Advantages: low construction cost; easy to

make useful shaped spaces
Disadvantages: Not capable of needed loads; not able to created large open spaces with several large door openings.
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Classification by construction method Light Gauge Steel Frame structure Advantages: light; time; easy

Classification by construction method

Light Gauge Steel Frame structure
Advantages: light; time; easy

to carry and change
Disadvantages: low sound insulation; low fire protection
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Classification by construction method Prefabricated structure (precast) Advantages: time; durable Disadvantages: more expensive;

Classification by construction method

Prefabricated structure (precast)
Advantages: time; durable
Disadvantages: more

expensive; assembling call for skilled trades and equipment
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Building materials

Building materials

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Choosing architectural materials Efficiency conditions Construction conditions Design conditions Heat insulation Sound absorption

Choosing architectural materials

Efficiency conditions

Construction conditions

Design
conditions

Heat insulation
Sound absorption
Sound

insulation
Strength etc.

Economics
Constructability
Conformity with old law

Color
Shape
Texture etc.

Choice of materials

Total estimation

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Classification of building materials Classification by manufacture: Natural materials, Artificial materials. Classification by

Classification of building materials

Classification by manufacture: Natural materials, Artificial materials.
Classification by

purpose of use: Structural material, Finishing material, Blocking material, Fire and Refractory Materials.
Classification by chemical composition: Inorganic materials, Organic materials.
Classification by building part: Structure, Roof, Floor, Wall, Ceiling.
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Physical Properties of Building Materials Density Water content and water absorption Specific heat

Physical Properties of Building Materials

Density
Water content and water absorption
Specific heat
Coefficient of

thermal expansion
Thermal conductivity
Softening point, flash point and flash point
Sound absorption rate and sound insulation
Transmittance and reflectance
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Structural materials Reinforced concrete materials: Cement Aggregate Admixture Concrete Rebar Slump test

Structural materials

Reinforced concrete materials:
Cement
Aggregate
Admixture
Concrete
Rebar
Slump test

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Structural materials Material of steel structure: Classes and Features of steel Mechanical properties

Structural materials

Material of steel structure:
Classes and Features of steel
Mechanical properties of

steel
Preparation method of steel
Steel processing
Steel product
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Finishing materials Brick Block Autoclaved lightweight concrete Stone Artificial stone Wood Nonferrous metal

Finishing materials

Brick
Block
Autoclaved lightweight concrete
Stone
Artificial stone
Wood
Nonferrous metal
Glass
Plasterer
Tile
Paint

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Brick, Block

Brick, Block

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Autoclaved lightweight concrete Stone, Artificial stone

Autoclaved lightweight concrete Stone, Artificial stone

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Wood Nonferrous metal Copper Aluminum Lead

Wood Nonferrous metal

Copper
Aluminum
Lead

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Glass Plasterer Plate glass Multilayer glass Glass block Cement mortar Gypsum Plaster Slaked

Glass Plasterer

Plate glass
Multilayer glass
Glass block

Cement mortar
Gypsum Plaster
Slaked lime and plaster
Dolomite Plaster

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Tile Paint Color, Fire Resistance, Mildew Resistance, Chemical Resistance, Pollution Resistance

Tile Paint

Color, Fire Resistance, Mildew Resistance, Chemical Resistance, Pollution Resistance

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Materials by building part Flooring material Performance Requirements of Floor Materials Internal performance

Materials by building part

Flooring material

Performance Requirements of Floor Materials

Internal performance
Functional performance
Sensory

performance
Design, construction, economic performance

Flooring method

Attached
Plaster
Spread

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Materials by building part Walling materials Exterior wall material Paneling Plaster Hang Curtain

Materials by building part

Walling materials

Exterior wall material

Paneling
Plaster
Hang
Curtain wall

Interior wall material

Paneling
Plaster
Attached


Special wall
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Materials by building part Ceiling materials: Attached ceiling Wood Frame ceiling System ceiling

Materials by building part

Ceiling materials:
Attached ceiling
Wood Frame ceiling
System ceiling