Презентация на тему Language & style. (Lecture 1)

THE CRITICAL  READING COURSE:  A STYLISTIC PERSPECTIVEby Elina PaliichukBorys Grinchenko Kyiv Universitye.paliichuk@kubg.edu.ua L.1: LANGUAGE & STYLE:ScopeMain Trends in Style Study. Functional Stylistics and Functional Styles. Forms and Types 1  Immerse YourselvesL-ge is…Museum inside our headsThe armory of the 1 Museum Inside Our Heads23-24/03/2015Elina Paliichuk 1  Museum Inside Our Heads  1 The Armory of the Human Mind 1  English is …There is no egg in eggplant or ham in hamburger, neither apple 1 Boxing rings are square, and a guinea pig is neither from Guinea nor is it 1 If the plural of tooth is teeth, why isn’t the plural of booth beeth? One 1If a vegetarian eats vegetables, what does a humanitarian eat?English is a crazy language. http://ojohaven.com/fun/crazy.html23-24/03/2015Elina Paliichuk 2 The Term “Stylistics 2So, 2various forms of communication activities - oral (speaking, listening) or written (reading, writing), so it is 2Attention, focused on the priority of the situational appropriateness in the choice of language varieties for 2 Functional Stylistics Thus, functional stylistics deals with sets, 2 Functional Stylesofficial style (official documents and papers);scientific style (in articles, brochures, monographs, other scientific and 2 Functional Stylesnewspaper style, observed in the majority of information materials printed in newspapers;belles-lettres style, embracing 2 Controversy It is only the first three that are invariably recognized in all stylistic treatisesNewspaper 2 Controversy stylistic use of language resources, i.e. with such a handling of language elements that 2 Individual Author's StyleProblems, concerning the choice of the most appropriate language means and their organization 2 The message in its correlation with the communicative situation The message is an indispensable element 2 Stylistics  of the EncoderThe author's stylistics may be named the stylistics of the encoder: 3 PRACTICAL STYLISTICSthe stylistics, proceeding from the norms of language usage at a given period and OBJECTIVESA Sophisticated Reader: well-informed, thoughtful, active, being able to identify the stylistic peculiarities of the languageA 3 The structural hierarchy  of language levelsThe best way to find answers to most 3 FD: FOREGROUNDING The ability of a verbal element to obtain extra significance, to say more 3 Stylistic AnalysisStylistic analysis involves rather subtle procedures of finding the foregrounded element and indicating the Case StudyT1: Trafficking in Human Beings in South Eastern Europe UNICEF Report (177 words)The position of T2: Who can expect a young woman trafficked into the U.S., trapped in a foreign culture, …Her account reminded me -- painfully -- of the legend of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. After having read the article, to what extent has your opinion about trafficked people changed?Not at NFD: MEDIA & OTHERS.The degree of being affected by the text.Explanation: The most powerful ideas are CONCLUSIONStylistic analysis not only broadens the theoretical horizons of a language learner but it also teaches DISCUSSIONWhat is foregrounding and how does it operate in the text?What levels of linguistic analysis do ASSIGNMENTКухаренко В.А. Практикум з стилістики англійської мови: Підручник. – Вінниця. «Нова книга», 2000 - 160 с.PRELIMINARY THANX!

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Слайды и текст этой презентации

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Grinchenko Kyiv Universitye.paliichuk@kubg.edu.ua

THE CRITICAL READING COURSE: A STYLISTIC PERSPECTIVE

by Elina Paliichuk
Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University
e.paliichuk@kubg.edu.ua



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Functional Styles. Forms and Types of the Language. Stylistics of Artistic Speech. Individual Style Study.

L.1: LANGUAGE & STYLE:

Scope
Main Trends in Style Study.
Functional Stylistics and Functional Styles. Forms and Types of the Language.
Stylistics of Artistic Speech. Individual Style Study. Decoding Stylistics.
Practical Stylistics. Levels of Linguistic Analysis. Foregrounding. Aims of Stylistic Analysis.

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Elina Paliichuk


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our headsThe armory of the human mindAn art23-24/03/2015Elina Paliichuk

1

Immerse Yourselves
L-ge is…
Museum inside our heads
The armory of the human mind
An art


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Elina Paliichuk


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1 Museum Inside Our Heads

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the world; without it we spin like atoms. . . . We are walking lexicons.

1 Museum Inside Our Heads

"Language tethers us to the world; without it we spin like atoms. . . . We are walking lexicons. In a single sentence of idle chatter we preserve Latin, Anglo-Saxon, Norse; we carry a museum inside our heads, each day we commemorate peoples of whom we have never heard."

(Penelope Lively, Moon Tiger, 1987)

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the human mind, and at once contains the trophies of its past and the weapons

1
The Armory of the Human Mind

"Language is the armory of the human mind, and at once contains the trophies of its past and the weapons of its future conquests.“
(Samuel Taylor Coleridge)
An Art
"Language is an anonymous, collective and unconscious art; the result of the creativity of thousands of generations.“
(Edward Sapir)

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ham in hamburger, neither apple nor pine in pineapple.23-24/03/2015Elina Paliichuk

1 English is …

There is no egg in eggplant or ham in hamburger, neither apple nor pine in pineapple.

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Elina Paliichuk


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from Guinea nor is it a pig. And why is it that writers write, but

1

Boxing rings are square, and a guinea pig is neither from Guinea nor is it a pig. And why is it that writers write, but fingers don’t fing, grocers don’t groce, and hammers don’t ham?

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plural of booth beeth? One goose, 2 geese. So, one moose, 2 meese? One index,

1
If the plural of tooth is teeth, why isn’t the plural of booth beeth? One goose, 2 geese. So, one moose, 2 meese? One index, two indices? Is cheese the plural of choose?

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a crazy language. http://ojohaven.com/fun/crazy.html23-24/03/2015Elina Paliichuk


1
If a vegetarian eats vegetables, what does a humanitarian eat?
English is a crazy language. http://ojohaven.com/fun/crazy.html


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pen

2 The Term “Stylistics"

originated from the Greek "stylos", which means, "a pen". In the course of time it developed several meanings, each one applied to a specific study of language elements and their use in speech.

It is no news that any propositional content - any "idea" - can be verbalized in several different ways.

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2

So, "May I offer you a chair?", "Take a seat, please", "Sit down" - have the same proposition (subject matter) but differ in the manner of expression, which, in its turn, depends upon the situational conditions of the communication act.

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(reading, writing), so it is self-evident how important it is for a philologist to know

2

various forms of communication activities - oral (speaking, listening) or written (reading, writing), so it is self-evident how important it is for a philologist to know the mechanics of relations between the non-verbal, extralinguistic, cognitive essence of the communicative act and its verbal, linguistic presentation.

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choice of language varieties for their adequate functioning (Prague school -V.Mathesius, T.Vachek, J.Havranek ).23-24/03/2015Elina Paliichuk

2

Attention, focused on the priority of the situational appropriateness in the choice of language varieties for their adequate functioning (Prague school -V.Mathesius, T.Vachek, J.Havranek ).

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Elina Paliichuk


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language units of all levels of language hierarchy serving to accommodate the needs of certain

2 Functional Stylistics

Thus, functional stylistics deals with sets, "paradigms" of language units of all levels of language hierarchy serving to accommodate the needs of certain typified communicative situations.

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brochures, monographs, other scientific and academic publications;publicist style (genres as essay, feature article, journalism, public

2 Functional Styles

official style (official documents and papers);
scientific style (in articles, brochures, monographs, other scientific and academic publications;
publicist style (genres as essay, feature article, journalism, public speeches);

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Elina Paliichuk


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printed in newspapers;belles-lettres style, embracing numerous and versatile genres of imaginative writing.23-24/03/2015Elina Paliichuk

2 Functional Styles

newspaper style, observed in the majority of information materials printed in newspapers;
belles-lettres style, embracing numerous and versatile genres of imaginative writing.

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Elina Paliichuk


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recognized in all stylistic treatisesNewspaper style – publicist domainPoetic styleOratoric styleColloquial styleetc.23-24/03/2015Elina Paliichuk

2 Controversy

It is only the first three that are invariably recognized in all stylistic treatises
Newspaper style – publicist domain
Poetic style
Oratoric style
Colloquial style
etc.

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handling of language elements that enables them to carry not only the basic, logical, but

2 Controversy

stylistic use of language resources, i.e. with such a handling of language elements that enables them to carry not only the basic, logical, but also additional information of various types. So the stylistics of artistic speech, or belles-lettres style study, was shaped.

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language means and their organization into a message, from the viewpoint of the addresser, are

2 Individual Author's Style

Problems, concerning the choice of the most appropriate language means and their organization into a message, from the viewpoint of the addresser, are the centre of attention of the individual style study, which puts particular emphasis on the study of an individual author's style.

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message is an indispensable element in the exchange of information between two participants of the

2 The message in its correlation with the communicative situation

The message is an indispensable element in the exchange of information between two participants of the communicative act - the addresser (the supplier of information, the speaker, the writer) and the addressee (the receiver of the information, the listener, the reader).

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the stylistics of the encoder: the language being viewed as the code to shape the

2

Stylistics of the Encoder

The author's stylistics may be named the stylistics of the encoder: the language being viewed as the code to shape the information into the message, and the supplier of the information, respectively, as the encoder.

Decoding Stylistics

The problems connected with adequate reception of the message without any informational losses or deformations, i.e., with adequate decoding, are the concern of decoding stylistics.


And finally,

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at a given period and teaching these norms to language speakers, especially the ones, dealing

3 PRACTICAL STYLISTICS

the stylistics, proceeding from the norms of language usage at a given period and teaching these norms to language speakers, especially the ones, dealing with the language professionally (editors, publishers, writers, journalists, teachers, etc.) is called practical stylistics.

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stylistic peculiarities of the languageA Sophisticated User: being able to use the language potential to

OBJECTIVES

A Sophisticated Reader: well-informed, thoughtful, active, being able to identify the stylistic peculiarities of the language

A Sophisticated User: being able to use the language potential to produce certain effect in order to achieve a pragmatic aim




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to find answers to most of these and similar questions is to… follow E. Benveniste's

3 The structural hierarchy of language levels

The best way to find answers to most of these and similar questions is to… follow E. Benveniste's scheme of analysis proceeding from the level of the phoneme - through the levels of the morpheme and the word to that of the sentence.

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Elina Paliichuk


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extra significance, to say more in a definite context was called by Prague linguists foregrounding:

3 FD: FOREGROUNDING

The ability of a verbal element to obtain extra significance, to say more in a definite context was called by Prague linguists foregrounding: indeed, when a word (affix, sentence), automatized by the long use in speech, through context developments, obtains some new, additional features, the act resembles a background phenomenon moving into the front line – foregrounding.

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Elina Paliichuk


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foregrounded element and indicating the chemistry of its contextual changes, brought about by the intentional,

3 Stylistic Analysis

Stylistic analysis involves rather subtle procedures of finding the foregrounded element and indicating the chemistry of its contextual changes, brought about by the intentional, planned operations of the addresser, i.e. effected by the conscious stylistic use of the language.

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Elina Paliichuk


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Report (177 words)The position of women in the family, in the labour market and in

Case Study

T1: Trafficking in Human Beings in South Eastern Europe UNICEF Report (177 words)
The position of women in the family, in the labour market and in migration processes is directly related to the vulnerability of women to trafficking. Paradoxically, this knowledge is rarely translated into policies, prevention strategies or programmes. There are also other issues, not directly related to the discrimination of women, which could be better understood and benefit from the use of a “gender lens” for their assessment, such as the relationship and differences between male and female migration patterns, the vulnerability of girls and the gender dimension of trafficking for labour exploitation.”

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Elina Paliichuk


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trapped in a foreign culture, perhaps unable to speak English, physically and emotionally abused and

T2: Who can expect a young woman trafficked into the U.S., trapped in a foreign culture, perhaps unable to speak English, physically and emotionally abused and perhaps drug-addicted, to ask for help from a police officer, who more likely than not will look at her as a criminal and an illegal alien? We had customers who were police, so you were not going to go talk to a cop. We had this customer from Nevada who was a child psychologist, so you're not going to go talk to a social worker. So who are you going to talk to?'' …''We have that cancer, corruption,'' he told me with a shrug. ''But it exists in every country. In every house there is a devil.'' The police are not seen as a solution for anything. You don't run to the police; you run from the police.''

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Elina Paliichuk


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the Pied Piper of Hamelin. In the story, a piper shows up and asks for

…Her account reminded me -- painfully -- of the legend of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. In the story, a piper shows up and asks for 1,000 guilders for ridding the town of a plague of rats. Playing his pipe, he lures all the rats into the River Weser, where they drown. But Hamelin's mayor refuses to pay him. The piper goes back into the streets and again starts to play his music. This time ''all the little boys and girls, with rosy cheeks and flaxen curls, and sparkling eyes and teeth like pearls'' follow him out of town and into the hills. The piper leads the children to a mountainside, where a portal opens. The children follow him in, the cave closes and Hamelin's children -- all but one, too lame to keep up -- are never seen again.

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Elina Paliichuk


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about trafficked people changed?Not at all 	⃞	⃞	⃞	⃞ very muchTo what extent were you affected by

After having read the article, to what extent has your opinion about trafficked people changed?
Not at all ⃞ ⃞ ⃞ ⃞ very much
To what extent were you affected by the text?
Not at all ⃞ ⃞ ⃞ ⃞ very much


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The most powerful ideas are the ones you absorb indirectly. They are digested emotionally at

NFD: MEDIA & OTHERS.


The degree of being affected by the text.
Explanation: The most powerful ideas are the ones you absorb indirectly. They are digested emotionally at psychological depths that we still little know about. In media discourse the majority of material is chosen or designed to produce a predetermined response.


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learner but it also teaches the latter the skill of competent reading, on one hand,

CONCLUSION

Stylistic analysis not only broadens the theoretical horizons of a language learner but it also teaches the latter the skill of competent reading, on one hand, and proprieties of situational language usage, on the other.

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Elina Paliichuk


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levels of linguistic analysis do you know?What is the main concern of practical stylistics?What is

DISCUSSION

What is foregrounding and how does it operate in the text?
What levels of linguistic analysis do you know?
What is the main concern of practical stylistics?
What is the ultimate goal of stylistic analysis of a speech product?

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Elina Paliichuk


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книга», 2000 - 160 с.PRELIMINARY REMARKSSound Instrumenting. Graphon. Graphical MeansMorphemic Repetition. Extension of Morphemic Valency23-24/03/2015Elina

ASSIGNMENT

Кухаренко В.А. Практикум з стилістики англійської мови: Підручник. – Вінниця. «Нова книга», 2000 - 160 с.
PRELIMINARY REMARKS
Sound Instrumenting. Graphon. Graphical Means
Morphemic Repetition. Extension of Morphemic Valency

23-24/03/2015

Elina Paliichuk


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THANX!



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