The system of english vowel phonemes презентация

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HOW DO YOU LOOK TO A PHONETICIAN

HOW DO YOU LOOK TO A PHONETICIAN

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HOW DO YOU LOOK TO A PHONETICIAN

HOW DO YOU LOOK TO A PHONETICIAN

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HOW DO YOU LOOK TO A PHONETICIAN

HOW DO YOU LOOK TO A PHONETICIAN

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HOW DO YOU LOOK TO A PHONETICIAN

HOW DO YOU LOOK TO A PHONETICIAN

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HOW DO YOU LOOK TO A PHONETICIAN

HOW DO YOU LOOK TO A PHONETICIAN

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HOW DO YOU LOOK TO A PHONETICIAN

HOW DO YOU LOOK TO A PHONETICIAN

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HOW DO YOU LOOK TO A PHONETICIAN

HOW DO YOU LOOK TO A PHONETICIAN

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[i]

[i]

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[u]

[u]

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YOU CAN

- raise or lower your tongue
- advance or retract your tongue
- round or

not round your tongue
- tense or lax

YOU CAN - raise or lower your tongue - advance or retract your

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TEST IT AT HOME

TEST IT AT HOME

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QUALITY OF A VOWEL

Size
Volume
Shape of resonator
Stability of active speech organs
Segment duration
Force of articulation
Degree

of tenseness of speech organs
etc

INTERCONNECTED
INTERDEPENDENT

QUALITY OF A VOWEL Size Volume Shape of resonator Stability of active speech

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Tongue is in the back position
Tongue is in the front position
Lengthening of

a vowel

Lip rounding

Tongue raised higher

Tension in speech organs

Tongue is in the back position Tongue is in the front position Lengthening

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PRINCIPLES OF CLASSIFICATION

PRINCIPLES OF CLASSIFICATION

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STABILITY OF ARTICULATION

- monophthongs/ diphthongs/ diphthongoids

The problem of diphthongs status!
Vassilyev and Zinder vs

British scientists

STABILITY OF ARTICULATION - monophthongs/ diphthongs/ diphthongoids The problem of diphthongs status! Vassilyev

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TONGUE POSITION

The problem of front-retracted and back-advanced vowels!

TONGUE POSITION The problem of front-retracted and back-advanced vowels!

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LIP ROUNDING

What is phonologically relevant?
Spread lips?
Neutral lips?
Rounded lips?
Can you name any physiological connection

of this aspect and other articulatory features?

LIP ROUNDING What is phonologically relevant? Spread lips? Neutral lips? Rounded lips? Can

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CHECKNESS

LENGTH

CHECKNESS LENGTH

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DURATION/ LENGTH

D.Jones:
chronemes

V.Vassilyev:
sit-seat
pull-pool
Berlin – Berlin street
dark – duck
door - doll

Gimson: beat bee bid

bit

DURATION/ LENGTH D.Jones: chronemes V.Vassilyev: sit-seat pull-pool Berlin – Berlin street dark –

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TENSENESS

HISTORY

TENSENESS HISTORY

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WHAT CHARACTERISTICS ARE FUNCTIONALLY RELEVANT?

STABILITY OF ARTICULATION
TONGUE POSITION

WHAT CHARACTERISTICS ARE FUNCTIONALLY RELEVANT? STABILITY OF ARTICULATION TONGUE POSITION

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