Zeken Serikzhan 210
Zeken Serikzhan 210
1. General characteristics of the breed
2. External signs of breed
3. Features of character and disposition
4. History of breed
General characteristics of the breed
Thoroughbred horse (Thoroughbred) - breed, bred in England. Initially, these horses were called the British race, but due to the fact that they started to breed in most countries, it was decided to change the name of the breed. Representatives of this breed - the fastest horse in the world. For short and medium distances, they reach speeds of over 60 km / h, and on long distances (more than 3 km) - 55 km / h. The horses of other breeds do not take part in the race along with the Thoroughbred - they do not have any chance to take its rightful place as running speed is incommensurable. The record holder for speed among Thoroughbred - Stallion Rekitu Beach, which has a top speed 69.69 km / h at a distance of 409.26 m.
Coat: all one color. The most common red, bay and brown. Also frequent crows, gray and roan.
Height at the withers: various. There are both very low (less than 1 m 42 cm) and very high (greater than 1 m 72 cm) Thoroughbred horses.
Exterior: It is also characterized by diversity. Top representatives of the breed has become a great, dry head, elegant neck and smart look of large eyes. Shoulders set obliquely, body short, but powerful. The chest is deep, muscular croup, solid smooth legs. Minimum metacarpus (20 cm), powerful "hock" joints are well set tail.
Use: in the equestrian sport, sport hunting, steeplechase, eventing.
Features: the fastest and most expensive horses in the world. They have a greater amount of light and a more powerful heart, as compared with the other species. But thoroughbred horse - not the most durable horses. Stallions do not often live to 23, and a mare - up to 20 years. It is very demanding on the conditions of the care, feeding and maintenance.
External signs of breed
Thoroughbred horses are thin skeleton with projections sharply distinguished in the field of attachment of muscles and tendons. Representatives of this breed have a thin elastic skin, relief and tight muscles.
His head Thoroughbred dry neck - long Withers - High and long neck - straight, thin and long. Croup oval, with well-developed muscles, the chest is deep and slightly narrowed waist short legs and long, dry, without brushes. The hind legs are open hock and a long shank, front - congenital Kozinets. The hooves are small but strong.
Under normal conditions of Thoroughbred horses are growing rapidly. Being born an increase of 99-100 cm, to six months foals grow to 134-136 cm and to 1.5 years -. To 154-156 cm 4, representatives of this breed complete growth. These figures are averages.
Features of character and disposition
Thoroughbred horses are energetic, lively, choleric temperament. They are characterized by high reaction rate and the maximum return force. Excellent fit to participate in the races.
History of breed
United Kingdom, since the time of Julius Caesar was known for its mobile and sturdy horses. But with the advent of firearms in combat in the first place got the speed, endurance and agility. A massive horses of that time did not meet these requirements, prompting the British breeders to the creation of a new, fast and maneuverable porody.Chistokrovnye saddle horses appeared in the XVII - XVIII centuries in England. Their ancestors - the horse of the East. The selection was made by the method of rigorous selection on the basis of race. The British called the Thoroughbred "bred to perfection."
As a master the basics were taken, as a rule, uterine royal factories had admixture of Spanish, Oriental and Hungarian breeds. 50 mares were selected, which laid the foundation for a new breed of thoroughbred horses. For crossing were also selected more than 200 stallions, mostly of Eastern origin. But only three of them became the ancestors of the Thoroughbred breed: Byerley Turk (was in England in 1683), Darley Arabian (brought in 1710) and the Godolphin Barb (used from 1730's).
In the XIX century in North America by crossing the Thoroughbred with other breeds, were received many mongrel bree In the XIX century in North America by crossing the Thoroughbred with other breeds, were received many mongrel breed, used in the cavalry troops, and later - in equestrian sport. d, used in the cavalry troops, and later - in equestrian sport.
Russia - one of the first countries to import horses from England. At the beginning of XIX century by crossing with Thoroughbred rostopchinskaya and the Half-Blood Orlov breed were obtained. In addition, bred in Russia and the Thoroughbred. From 1825 regular racing have been held in the country.
Nowadays Thoroughbred horses continue to be actively used in all kinds of equestrian sports, in particular - in the race.