Презентация на тему Introduction into topographic anatomy of head & neck

INTRODUCTION  into TOPOGRAPHIC ANATOMY  of Head & NeckProf. Peter Stanko, MD, PhDOral and Term ANATOMY  from Greek anatomé = „a cutting up“  SYSTEMATIC ANATOMY  ● As Division of anatomy - criteriums►The main criterium by the systematic anatomy is functional point of view Topographical anatomy  Generally the subjects are various specific regions of the human body with all Topographical anatomy  of Head and NeckUsually a course of the description is from the surface RULES IN TOPOGRAPHIC ANATOMY  1/ Importance 2/ No separation 3/ Variations 4/ Terminology Rules in topograph. anat.  1/ IMPORTANCE= What is less important (e. g. regarding life, function) Rules in topograph. anat.  2/ NO SEPARATION= Many structues have always close relatioship The vessels Rules in topograph. anat.  3/ VARIATIONS= Systematic anatomy has large degree   of variations Rules in topograph. anat.  4/ TERMINOLOGY= The Latine terms are precise   and avoid

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Peter Stanko, MD, PhDOral and Maxillofacial SurgeonDpt. of Stomatology & Maxillofacial SurgeryComenius University, St Elisabeth

INTRODUCTION into TOPOGRAPHIC ANATOMY of Head & Neck

Prof. Peter Stanko, MD, PhD
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon

Dpt. of Stomatology & Maxillofacial Surgery
Comenius University, St Elisabeth Hospital


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SYSTEMATIC ANATOMY  ● As a science deals with morphology and structures of the human

Term ANATOMY from Greek anatomé = „a cutting up“

SYSTEMATIC ANATOMY
 
● As a science deals with morphology and structures of the human body.

● Its sound knowledge forms a basis for understanding of other subdivisions of the anatomy and is required to all clinical medical specialties.


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is functional point of view i. e. systems (e.g. skeletal and muscular systems, cardiovascular system,

Division of anatomy - criteriums

►The main criterium by the systematic anatomy is functional point of view
i. e. systems (e.g. skeletal and muscular systems, cardiovascular system, digestive system, respiratory system, central and peripheral nervous system, urogenital system, integumentary system with skin and epidermal derivates etc.).

Other subdivisions of anatomy:
► Macroscopic (or gross anat.) and Microscopic (close to histology),
► Developmental (experimental, close to embryology),
► Antropological (description and measurments on larger groups of humans),
► anatomy of the External forms (for painters and sculptors).
► Comparative (between humans and animals),
 
►►► Normal and Pathological anat. (changes associated with diseases).


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the human body with all structures included there regardless of their function i. e. regional

Topographical anatomy

Generally the subjects are various specific regions of the human body with all structures included there regardless of their function
i. e. regional anatomy of:
e.g. thorax, abdomen, limbs...

→→→ H+N.


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description is from the surface to the deepier layers.

Topographical anatomy of Head and Neck


Usually a course of the description is

from the surface

to the deepier layers.


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Variations 4/ Terminology

RULES IN TOPOGRAPHIC ANATOMY

1/ Importance

2/ No separation

3/ Variations

4/ Terminology


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(e. g. regarding life, function) is more superficially located Arteries are more deeply than the

Rules in topograph. anat. 1/ IMPORTANCE

= What is less important (e. g. regarding life, function) is more superficially located

Arteries are more deeply than the veins

Truncs of nerves more deeply than the small nerve branches...


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always close relatioship The vessels are usually accompanied with nerves (neurovascular bundle) Blood vessels (aa.,

Rules in topograph. anat. 2/ NO SEPARATION

= Many structues have always close relatioship

The vessels are usually accompanied with nerves (neurovascular bundle)

Blood vessels (aa., vv.) and lymphatic vessels pass thorugh the body together


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degree  of variations   from 50 % to 99 %

Rules in topograph. anat. 3/ VARIATIONS

= Systematic anatomy has large degree
of variations

from 50 % to 99 % by various regions

(especially under some pathological
conditions)


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precise  and avoid use of unnecessary words. „You will start to build your

Rules in topograph. anat. 4/ TERMINOLOGY


= The Latine terms are precise
and avoid use of unnecessary words.


„You will start to build your medical vocabulary.“


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