Презентация на тему Italian wars 1494-1559

Italian wars 1494-1559 BackgroundFirst Italian war (1494 — 1496)Second Italian war (1499 — 1505)War of the League of CambraiItalian The Italian wars (1494 — 1559) — a series of the military conflicts between France, Spain After death of the Neapolitan king Fernando I in 1494 claims for a throne of Naples Lodovico Moro Sforza duke of MilanFerdinand I (king of Naples)Charles VIII (king of France) In December 1496 France capitulates and leaves the Neapolitan kingdom.Between the Italian states the collisions developing Sometimes known as Louis XII's Italian War or the War over Naples, was the second of Louis XII King of FranceFerdinand the Catholic King consort of Castile and León On January 31, 1504 Louis XII and Ferdinand signed the peace treaty in Blois according to The War of the League of Cambrai, sometimes known as the War of the Holy League Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor(also known as King of the Germans)Pope Julius II 5 December 1443 The conclusion of the Cambrai contract between France, Spain and the Sacred Roman Empire, on the Sometimes known as the Four Years' War, was a part of the Italian Wars. The Charles V Holy Roman Emperor; King of Germany; King of ItalyFrancis I King of FranceMartin Luther 1519-1526 Charles I becomes the emperor of the Sacred Roman Empire Charles V. Fight at Pavia. The French army is crushed by army of the emperor Charles V. The Map of troop movements during the Pavia campaign (1524–25).Solid blue line - French advance into Lombardy Was fought between the Habsburg dominions of Charles V—primarily Spain and the Holy Roman Empire—and the The Republic of Florence alone continued to resist the Imperial forces, which were led by the Sometimes known as the Habsburg–Valois War, began when Henry II of France, who had succeeded Francis The Battle of Scannagallo (Battle of Marciano) by Giorgio Vasari, in the Palazzo Vecchio of Florence. Siege of Calais 1551-1559 Signed in 1559 in the French city of Le Cateau-Cambrésis, put an end to the Italian The Peace of Cateau-Cambresis (1559). Henry II of France and Philip II of Spain were in Outcome

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Italian wars 1494-1559



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of the League of CambraiItalian War of 1521–1526War of the League of Cognac (1526-1530)Italian War

Background
First Italian war (1494 — 1496)
Second Italian war (1499 — 1505)
War of the League of Cambrai
Italian War of 1521–1526
War of the League of Cognac (1526-1530)
Italian War of 1551–1559
Outcome
Questions

Contents


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military conflicts between France, Spain and the Sacred Roman Empire to participation of other states

The Italian wars (1494 — 1559) — a series of the military conflicts between France, Spain and the Sacred Roman Empire to participation of other states of Western Europe (England, Scotland, Switzerland, Venice, the Papal States and the Italian city-states), and also the Ottoman Empire for possession of Italy and hegemony in Europe and the Mediterranean.

Background


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for a throne of Naples were declared by the French king Charles VIII who had

After death of the Neapolitan king Fernando I in 1494 claims for a throne of Naples were declared by the French king Charles VIII who had the relative to monarchs of the Anjou dynasty (governing in the Neapolitan kingdom in 1266 — 1442). These claims were supported by the duke Milan Lodovico Moro, and also The Pope Alexander VI clashing with Naples. The French troops intruded in Italy, subordinated Florence and, practically without encountering resistance, in 1495 occupied Naples.

First Italian war (1494 — 1496)


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(king of France)

Lodovico Moro Sforza duke of Milan

Ferdinand I (king of Naples)

Charles VIII (king of France)


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Italian states the collisions developing into armed conflicts (war between Florence and Pisa began since


In December 1496
France capitulates and leaves the Neapolitan kingdom.
Between the Italian states the collisions developing into armed conflicts (war between Florence and Pisa began since 1494). On the other hand, kings of France also didn't wish to refuse the plans for occupation of the Italian territories.

End of first war


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Naples, was the second of the Italian Wars; it was fought primarily by Louis XII

Sometimes known as Louis XII's Italian War or the War over Naples, was the second of the Italian Wars; it was fought primarily by Louis XII of France and Ferdinand II of Aragon, with the participation of several Italian powers.

Second Italian war (1499 — 1505)


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and León

Louis XII King of France

Ferdinand the Catholic King consort of Castile and León


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treaty in Blois according to which France recognized the Neapolitan kingdom as possession of Spain,

On January 31, 1504 Louis XII and Ferdinand signed the peace treaty in Blois according to which France recognized the Neapolitan kingdom as possession of Spain, but reserved Lombardy and Genoa.

As a result the Southern Italy passed under the power of the Spanish king, in Northern hegemony of France remained, and in Central Italy the power of the Pope was restored.

The Treaty of Blois


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War of the Holy League and by several other names, was a major conflict in

The War of the League of Cambrai, sometimes known as the War of the Holy League and by several other names, was a major conflict in the Italian Wars. The principal participants of the war, which was fought from 1508 to 1516, were France, the Papal States and the Republic of Venice; they were joined, at various times, by nearly every significant power in Western Europe, including Spain, the Holy Roman Empire, England, Scotland, the Duchy of Milan, Florence, the Duchy of Ferrara, and Swiss mercenaries.

War of the League of Cambrai


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Julius II 5 December 1443 – 21 February 1513 nicknamed

Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor(also known as King of the Germans)

Pope Julius II 5 December 1443 – 21 February 1513 nicknamed "The Fearsome Pope" and "The Warrior Pope"

Louis XII ruled as King of France from 1498 to 1515 and King of Naples from 1501 to 1504


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Sacred Roman Empire, on the basis of recognition of the borders which developed by then.Venice

The conclusion of the Cambrai contract between France, Spain and the Sacred Roman Empire, on the basis of recognition of the borders which developed by then.

Venice retained northeast part of the country. The Pope kept the state and Tuscany transferred to it to management, Spain got the South of the peninsula, France — Milan



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of the Italian Wars. The war pitted Francis I of France and the Republic of

Sometimes known as the Four Years' War, was a part of the Italian Wars. The war pitted Francis I of France and the Republic of Venice against the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, Henry VIII of England, and the Papal States. The conflict arose from animosity over the election of Charles as Emperor in 1519–1520 and from Pope Leo X's need to ally with Charles against Martin Luther.

Italian War of 1521–1526


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I King of FranceMartin Luther German friar, Catholic priest, professor of theology and seminal figure

Charles V Holy Roman Emperor; King of Germany; King of Italy

Francis I King of France

Martin Luther German friar, Catholic priest, professor of theology and seminal figure of the 16th-century movement in Christianity known later as the Protestant Reformation


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Sacred Roman Empire Charles V. Under its power huge possession were joint: Germany, the Netherlands,

1519-1526
Charles I becomes the emperor of the Sacred Roman Empire Charles V.
Under its power huge possession were joint: Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, Sicily, Naples and America that allowed to put forward also claims for Milan and Burgundy.



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the emperor Charles V. The king of France Francis I is taken prisoner and is

Fight at Pavia. The French army is crushed by army of the emperor Charles V. The king of France Francis I is taken prisoner and is taken away to Madrid.
1526
Madrid contract. Francis I concedes to Charles V the Milan duchy and the Duchy of Burgundy.



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Battle of Pavia

Battle of Pavia
Part of the Italian War of 1521–1526



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- French advance into Lombardy (in three columns), concentration, and attack on Pavia.Dotted blue lines

Map of troop movements during the Pavia campaign (1524–25).
Solid blue line - French advance into Lombardy (in three columns), concentration, and attack on Pavia.
Dotted blue lines - Saluzzo's expedition to Genoa and the Duke of Albany's march to Naples.
Dashed red line - Imperial retreat to Lodi.
Dotted red line - Lannoy's movement to intercept Albany.
Solid red line - Imperial offensive against the French besiegers of Pavia in early 1525.



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the Holy Roman Empire—and the League of Cognac, an alliance including France, Pope Clement VII,

Was fought between the Habsburg dominions of Charles V—primarily Spain and the Holy Roman Empire—and the League of Cognac, an alliance including France, Pope Clement VII, the Republic of Venice, England, the Duchy of Milan and Republic of Florence.

War of the League of Cognac (1526-1530)


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which were led by the Prince of Orange. A Florentine army under Francesco Ferruccio engaged

The Republic of Florence alone continued to resist the Imperial forces, which were led by the Prince of Orange. A Florentine army under Francesco Ferruccio engaged the armies of the Emperor at the Battle of Gavinana in 1530, and, although the Prince of Orange himself was killed, the Imperial army won a decisive victory and the Republic of Florence surrendered ten days later. Alessandro de' Medici was then installed as Duke of Florence.



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France, who had succeeded Francis I to the throne, declared war against Charles V with

Sometimes known as the Habsburg–Valois War, began when Henry II of France, who had succeeded Francis I to the throne, declared war against Charles V with the intent of recapturing Italy and ensuring French, rather than Habsburg, domination of European affairs.
Henry II declared war to Charles V and intruded in Lorraine
The French troops occupied practically all territory of Lorraine to Rhine.

Italian War of 1551–1559


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the Palazzo Vecchio of Florence.

The Battle of Scannagallo (Battle of Marciano) by Giorgio Vasari, in the Palazzo Vecchio of Florence.


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Siege of Calais 1551-1559


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an end to the Italian wars.France refused all claims for Italy, having retained only Saluzzo.

Signed in 1559 in the French city of Le Cateau-Cambrésis, put an end to the Italian wars.France refused all claims for Italy, having retained only Saluzzo. Milan and the Neapolitan kingdom were recognized as possession of Spain. In exchange France received Calais, and also three Lotharingian episcopacies: Metz, Tul and Verdun. Spain kept Fransh-Conte and the Netherlands.

Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis (1559)


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II of Spain were in reality absent, and the peace was signed by their ambassadors.

The Peace of Cateau-Cambresis (1559). Henry II of France and Philip II of Spain were in reality absent, and the peace was signed by their ambassadors.


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Outcome



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