Andre Marie Ampere

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BIOGRAPHY Andre-Marie AMPER (Ampère) (22.01.1775 - 10.06.1836) Andre-Marie Amper is a French physicist,

BIOGRAPHY

Andre-Marie AMPER (Ampère) (22.01.1775 - 10.06.1836) Andre-Marie Amper is a French

physicist, mathematician and chemist. He was born in Lyon in the family of a merchant. In his father's beautiful library were works of famous philosophers, scientists and writers. Young André could sit there all day with a book, so that he, who never attended school, was able to acquire extensive and profound knowledge
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At the age of 11, he had already begun reading the famous 20-volume

At the age of 11, he had already begun reading the

famous 20-volume "Encyclopedia" by Diderot and D'Alembert, and for three years studied it all. The young man was interested in elegant literature, and he even wrote poetry, but physics and mathematics were much more attractive.

BIOGRAPHY

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When his father's books were not enough, Andre Amper began to visit the

When his father's books were not enough, Andre Amper began to

visit the library of Lyons College. However, many works of great scientists were written in Latin, which he did not know. For several months, Andre independently studied Latin, and works of the classics of science XVII-XVIII centuries. became available to him.

ACHIEVEMENTS

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ACHIEVEMENTS And here is the result of hard work. By the age of

ACHIEVEMENTS

And here is the result of hard work. By the age

of 12, Ampere had independently figured out the basics of higher mathematics - differential calculus, he had learned to integrate, and at the age of 13 he had already submitted his first work on mathematics to the Lyons Academy!
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ANDRE AMPER AS TEACHER In 1802, Andre Ampere turned 27 years old. He

ANDRE AMPER AS TEACHER

In 1802, Andre Ampere turned 27 years old.

He begins teaching physics and chemistry, first in Lyon, and two years later at the famous Polytechnic School (Ecole Polytechnique) in Paris. After another 10 years, Amper was elected to the Paris Academy of Sciences, and since 1824 he is a professor at the Normal School (Ecole Normale), the main higher educational institution in Paris
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INVENTIONS Since 1820, when the discovery of the action of current on the

INVENTIONS

Since 1820, when the discovery of the action of current on

the magnetic needle by Ohrsted became known, Amper devoted himself entirely to the problems of electrodynamics. In the same year he discovered the magnetic interaction of currents, establishes the law of this interaction (later called the Ampere law) and concludes that "all magnetic phenomena are reduced to purely electric effects." According to the Ampère hypothesis, any magnet contains within itself a set of circular electric currents, the action of which explains the magnetic forces.
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DISCOVERIES Two more years passed, and Amper discovered the magnetic effect of a

DISCOVERIES

Two more years passed, and Amper discovered the magnetic effect of

a coil with a current - a "solenoid". It is Amper who deserves the merit of introducing the terms "electrostatics", "electrodynamics", "electromotive force", "tension", "galvanometer", "electric current" and even ... "cybernetics" into science. Amper proposed to take for the direction of the direct electric current the one in which "positive electricity" moves.
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"He was just as kind and simple as he was" Amper died of

"He was just as kind and simple as he was"

Amper died

of pneumonia at the age of 61 years. On his tombstone are inscribed the words: "He was just as kind and just as simple as great." The unit of electric current, introduced in 1881, is called the ampere (A) in honor of Andre-Marie Ampere.