Презентация на тему Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal VerbsThe Things We Do4Focus on Grammar 3Part II, Unit 10By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, Phrasal VerbsPhrasal verbs = verb + particleHe woke up at 6:30 a.m.Strangers woke him up.The particle Particles	Particles are part of the verb phrase, and they often change the meaning of the verb.He Using Phrasal Verbs	Many phrasal verbs and one-word verbs have similar meanings.wake up  =  awakengo Transitive Phrasal Verbs 1    Transitive phrasal verbs have objects. Most transitive phrasal verbs Transitive Phrasal Verbs 2At the last minute, the bride called off the wedding.At the last minute, A friend called her up at work.Be Careful!When the object is a pronoun, it must come Use each of the phrasal verbs to form three sentences about things that sometimes happen. 	The Intransitive Phrasal Verbs 1    Intransitive phrasal verbs do not have objects. First I worked out for an hour. Then I dressed up and dropped in at the I make dinner every night.I make up dinner every night.Be Careful!Note the difference in meaning between What happens before and during a party? Make sentences using the transitive and intransitive phrasal verbs.	I ReferencesCopyright © 2006 Pearson Education and its licensors. All rights reserved.

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Слайд 1

Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ WellsCopyright © 2006. Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Phrasal Verbs

The Things We Do

4

Focus on Grammar 3
Part II, Unit 10
By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells
Copyright © 2006. Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.


Слайд 2

woke him up.The particle looks like a Preposition, but it doesn’tfunction as a preposition.

Phrasal Verbs




Phrasal verbs = verb + particle

He woke up at 6:30 a.m.

Strangers woke him up.


The particle looks like a
Preposition, but it doesn’t
function as a preposition.


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meaning of the verb.He looked up at the skyscraper.She looked up a word in her

Particles




Particles are part of the verb phrase, and they often change the meaning of the verb.

He looked up at the skyscraper.

She looked up a word in her dictionary.

preposition

particle


Слайд 4

= awakengo on  =  continuetake off

Using Phrasal Verbs


Many phrasal verbs and one-word verbs have similar meanings.

wake up = awaken

go on = continue

take off = remove

take off


Phrasal verbs are less
formal and more common
in everyday speech.


Слайд 5

Most transitive phrasal verbs are separable.

Transitive Phrasal Verbs 1




Transitive phrasal verbs have objects. Most transitive phrasal verbs are separable.

He called up his boss to tell him he had overslept.

He called his boss up to tell him he had overslept.

object

object


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wedding.At the last minute, the bride called the wedding off. The object can come after

Transitive Phrasal Verbs 2




At the last minute, the bride called off the wedding.

At the last minute, the bride called the wedding off.

The object can come after the phrasal verb or between the verb and the particle.

object

object

No wedding!


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pronoun, it must come between the verb and the particle.A friend called up her at

A friend called her up at work.

Be Careful!


When the object is a pronoun, it must come between the verb and the particle.

A friend called up her at work.

object

object


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that sometimes happen. 	The baby often wakes up the parents.   The

Use each of the phrasal verbs to form three sentences about things that sometimes happen.

The baby often wakes up the parents. The baby often wakes the parents up. The baby often wakes them up.

Practice 1

wake up = awaken

pick out = select

figure out = solve

hand in = submit, give

take off = remove

make up = create

let down = disappoint

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Example:


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have objects.       He

Intransitive Phrasal Verbs 1


Intransitive phrasal verbs do not have objects.

He grew up in Egypt.

She will hang up before she gets into her car.

no object

no object


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dropped in at the party.No one found out that I didn’t have an invitation!Intransitive Phrasal


First I worked out for an hour.

Then I dressed up and dropped in at the party.

No one found out that I didn’t have an invitation!

Intransitive Phrasal Verbs 2

Intransitive phrasal verbs do not have objects.

no objects


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difference in meaning between make, make up (transitive), and make up (intransitive). He made

I make dinner every night.

I make up dinner every night.

Be Careful!


Note the difference in meaning between make, make up (transitive), and make up (intransitive).

He made up a story about Jill and Joe.

make up = invent (transitive)

They made up. They were friends again.

make up = reconcile (intransitive)


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and intransitive phrasal verbs.	I dress up nicely.   Practice 2dress upask over

What happens before and during a party? Make sentences using the transitive and intransitive phrasal verbs.

I dress up nicely.

Practice 2

dress up

ask over = invite

put on = use clothes

set up = prepare

straighten up = make neat

show up = appear

let in = allow to enter

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Example:

run out = not have enough

7.


intransitive


intransitive


intransitive


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References

Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education and its licensors. All rights reserved.


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