Презентация на тему The land & the people. The UK

Lecture 1 The land & the people The UKPh.D. Vashchenko E.A. PlanGeographical positionPopulationClimateVegetation and wildlife The UK and its constituent parts and their emblems and flagsEngland. Scotland. THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN  AND NORTHERN IRELAND England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Irelandthe Formation a name was introduced in 1501 the whole of Ireland was united with Great Britain The Union Jack The upright Red Cross is the cross of St. George, the patron saint Locationan island state5,500 islands244,100 square kilometresLowland Britain and Highland BritainBen Nevis is 1,343 metres and Snowdon ClimateMild HumidChangeable Vegetation and Wildlife the poppy is the symbol of peacethe red rose is the national emblem Populationover 57 million peopleOver 46 million people live in England, a little over 5 million live Scotland80 thousand square kilometres Edinburghover 5 million peopleThe Cheviot Hills The Highlands, the Lowlands, the Southern Clans and tartansKiltClan – family, descendantsMcDonalds and McKenzies, the Campbells and the Lindsays“Mc” means “son of” GaelicWelsh and GaelicScots Gaelic – 80,000 people EdinburghThe 15th centuryGeorge Gordon Byron, Walter Scott, Robert Louis Stevenson, Robert Burns, and Arthur Conan DoyleEdinburgh WalesCymru, Cymrythe Welsh Mountainous area, Industrial South Wales and the Welsh BorderlandSnowdoniaSnowdon Cardiff1955Coal, iron and steelLlandaff cathedralthe National Museum of WalesSt. David's Hallthe New Theatrethe Taff RiverSwansea WelshThe Welsh Language Act of 1967 50 per cent of the populationThe 800-year-old National EisteddfodSouth Wales The Welsh National GameRugby Union15 playersThe Welsh National anthem, Land of my Fathers NamesCharles Baker, Margaret Thatcher;Jack Long, Mary LittleRobin Williamson (Robin, son of William), Peter Richardson.Dylan Thomas, Roger Northern Ireland6 of 9 countries of the historic province of UlsterBelfastThe greennessThe Mourne Mountains Lough NeaghShannon1.5 Gaelic Names Belfast400,000 peoplelinen, rope-making, engineering, tobacco and the sea-trade the Falls Road and Shankill Road Art GalleryBelfast Thank you for your attention!

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Lecture 1 The land & the people The UK

Ph.D. Vashchenko E.A.


Слайд 2

their emblems and flagsEngland. Scotland. Wales. Ireland.

Plan

Geographical position
Population
Climate
Vegetation and wildlife
The UK and its constituent parts and their emblems and flags
England. Scotland. Wales. Ireland.


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Scotland, Wales and Northern Irelandthe Isle of Wightthe OrkneysHebrides and Shetlandsthe Isles of Scilly

THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND

England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland
the Isle of Wight
the Orkneys
Hebrides and Shetlands
the Isles of Scilly


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was united with Great Britain from 1801 up until 1922Republic of Ireland was formed in

Formation

a name was introduced in 1501
the whole of Ireland was united with Great Britain from 1801 up until 1922
Republic of Ireland was formed in the South
Northern Ireland became part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland


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St. George, the patron saint of England. The white diagonal cross is the cross of

The Union Jack

The upright Red Cross is the cross of St. George, the patron saint of England.
The white diagonal cross is the cross of St. Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland.
The red diagonal cross is the cross of St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland.
St. David is the patron saint of Wales.


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is 1,343 metres and Snowdon is 1.085 metresthe Severn (354 kilometres)the Lake District

Location

an island state
5,500 islands
244,100 square kilometres
Lowland Britain and Highland Britain
Ben Nevis is 1,343 metres and Snowdon is 1.085 metres
the Severn (354 kilometres)
the Lake District


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Climate

Mild
Humid
Changeable


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rose is the national emblem of Englandthe thistle is the national emblem of Scotland the

Vegetation and Wildlife

the poppy is the symbol of peace
the red rose is the national emblem of England
the thistle is the national emblem of Scotland
the daffodils and the leek are the emblems of Wales
the shamrock is the emblem of Ireland.

oak, beech, pine, marshland, moors
blackbirds, sparrows and starlings, Redbreast
ducks, geese and other water fowl
partridges, pheasants
gulls, geese


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little over 5 million live in Scotland, over 3 million in Wales and about 1,5

Population

over 57 million people
Over 46 million people live in England, a little over 5 million live in Scotland, over 3 million in Wales and about 1,5 million in Northern Ireland.
The Celts from Europe.
The Romans from Italy.
The Angles and Saxons came from Germany, Denmark, and the Netherlands (Angle-land).
The vikings arrived from Denmаrк and Norway, the Normans invaded from France.


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Highlands, the Lowlands, the Southern UplandsGlasgow

Scotland

80 thousand square kilometres
Edinburgh
over 5 million people
The Cheviot Hills
The Highlands, the Lowlands, the Southern Uplands
Glasgow


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the Lindsays“Mc” means “son of” Campbell or Cameron Angus, Donald or DuncanMorag, Fiona or JeanJimmy

Clans and tartans

Kilt
Clan – family, descendants
McDonalds and McKenzies, the Campbells and the Lindsays
“Mc” means “son of”
Campbell or Cameron
Angus, Donald or Duncan
Morag, Fiona or Jean
Jimmy and Jock


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small boy. “A bonnie lass” is a pretty girl “bairn” is a child.

Gaelic

Welsh and Gaelic
Scots Gaelic – 80,000 people
"Wee", meaning small
"wee laddie" – small boy.
“A bonnie lass” is a pretty girl
“bairn” is a child.


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Burns, and Arthur Conan DoyleEdinburgh Festival of Music and DramaIn 1947

Edinburgh

The 15th century
George Gordon Byron, Walter Scott, Robert Louis Stevenson, Robert Burns, and Arthur Conan Doyle
Edinburgh Festival of Music and Drama
In 1947


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BorderlandSnowdoniaSnowdon

Wales

Cymru, Cymry
the Welsh Mountainous area, Industrial South Wales and the Welsh Borderland
Snowdonia
Snowdon


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New Theatrethe Taff RiverSwansea

Cardiff

1955
Coal, iron and steel
Llandaff cathedral
the National Museum of Wales
St. David's Hall
the New Theatre
the Taff River
Swansea


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populationThe 800-year-old National EisteddfodSouth Wales (even years) North Wales (uneven years)

Welsh

The Welsh Language Act of 1967
50 per cent of the population
The 800-year-old National Eisteddfod
South Wales (even years)
North Wales (uneven years)


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my Fathers

The Welsh National Game

Rugby Union
15 players
The Welsh National anthem, Land of my Fathers


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William), Peter Richardson.Dylan Thomas, Roger Davies (a form of David), Geoffrey Jones (from John), David

Names

Charles Baker, Margaret Thatcher;
Jack Long, Mary Little
Robin Williamson (Robin, son of William), Peter Richardson.
Dylan Thomas, Roger Davies (a form of David), Geoffrey Jones (from John), David Williams
Taffy
Druidism, Druids


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greennessThe Mourne Mountains Lough NeaghShannon1.5 million people53 %agriculture, textiles and shipbuilding

Northern Ireland

6 of 9 countries of the historic province of Ulster
Belfast
The greenness
The Mourne Mountains
Lough Neagh
Shannon
1.5 million people
53 %
agriculture, textiles and shipbuilding


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same as JohnSeamus [∫eməs], same as JamesLiam [ləm], same as WilliamSeanna [∫:nə], same as JoannaBrid

Gaelic Names

"bally" – town, "slieve" – mountain, "glen" – valley
Sean [∫o:n], same as John
Seamus [∫eməs], same as James
Liam [ləm], same as William
Seanna [∫:nə], same as Joanna
Brid [br], same as Bridget
Paddy (short of Patric) and Micky (short for Michael)
O'... meaning from the family of (eg O'Brien, O'Neil)
Fitz... meaning son of (eg Fitzwillian, Fitzgerald)
Mac... meaning son of (eg MacMahon, MacHugh)
Kil... meaning son of (eg Kilmartin)
Gil... meaning son of (eg Gilmurrey)



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and Shankill Road Art GalleryBelfast Cathedral

Belfast

400,000 people
linen, rope-making, engineering, tobacco and the sea-trade
the Falls Road and Shankill Road
Art Gallery
Belfast Cathedral


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Thank you for your attention!


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