Презентация на тему Feudal breaking up

FEUDAL BREAKING UPKornilova YuliaGroup 15.01Д-Экфа02/20б Preconditions for feudal breaking up after the death of YaroslavThe division of power between five sons The history of feudal breaking upIt began after The Council of Liubech in 1097 (officially after the THE PREMISES OF FEUDAL BREAKING UPThe economic premisesThe existing system of subsistence farming The isolation of THE PREMISES OF FEUDAL BREAKING UPThe socio – political premises:Boyars changed into landowners and aspired to THE PREMISES OF FEUDAL BREAKING UPThe foreign policy premises:Incursion of the MongolsDisappearance of ancient trade route The largest principalities were: -Vladimir - Suzdal Principality -Galitsko – Volinsky Principality -Novgorod Boyar Republic VLADIMIR - SUZDAL PRINCIPALITY Vladimir - Suzdal PrincipalityLarge cities - Rostov, Suzdal, Vladimir, Nizhny NovgorodThe territory of the principality was Vladimir - Suzdal PrincipalityThe main feature is a strong princely power, a boyar council.Since Vladimir Monomakh, Galitsko – Volinsky PrincipalityLarge cities - Galich, Vladimir-Volynsky, Brest, Lviv, Perzemysl Active foreign trade (neighboring with Galitsko – Volinsky PrincipalityThe main feature is the strong position of the boyars and the weak NOVGOROD BOYAR REPUBLIC NOVGOROD BOYAR REPUBLICFavorable geographical position - the crossroads of trade routes (Western Europe-Rus-East and Byzantium) Crafts, Consequences of feudal breaking upGrowth of cities and householdsThe development of cultureStrong authority of churchThe development Thank you for your attention!

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FEUDAL BREAKING UP

Kornilova Yulia
Group 15.01Д-Экфа02/20б


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of power between five sons and a grandson did not prevent strife. Everyone strove for



Preconditions for feudal breaking up after the death of Yaroslav



The division of power between five sons and a grandson did not prevent strife.
Everyone strove for independence from the great Kiev principality
The existing order of succession to the throne gave rise to an atmosphere of instability
External threat and interference of the Polovtsy in the internal political affairs of Russia
1097g. - Lyubech congress. Fragmentation, but unification against the Polovtsians


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in 1097 (officially after the death of Mstislav the Great in 1132)Kiev Rus was divided



The history of feudal breaking up


It began after The Council of Liubech in 1097 (officially after the death of Mstislav the Great in 1132)
Kiev Rus was divided into 15 independent parts
Each prince was engaged in landscaping and was responsible only for his land
At the beginning of the XII century, the main principalities had formed in Russia, which retained their existence throughout the period of fragmentation
Initially, there were 14 principalities in Russia, by the end of the fragmentation there were more than 50


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subsistence farming The isolation of householdsThe lack of barter

THE PREMISES OF FEUDAL BREAKING UP

The economic premises

The existing system of subsistence farming
The isolation of households
The lack of barter


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into landowners and aspired to political independence – as a result deep social contradictions between

THE PREMISES OF FEUDAL BREAKING UP

The socio – political premises:

Boyars changed into landowners and aspired to political independence – as a result deep social contradictions between boyars and peasants
Lack of precise order of succession
Deep social contradictions were the reason of necessity of strong local authority


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MongolsDisappearance of ancient trade route from the Varangians to the Greeks which united the Slav

THE PREMISES OF FEUDAL BREAKING UP

The foreign policy premises:

Incursion of the Mongols
Disappearance of ancient trade route from the Varangians to the Greeks which united the Slav tribes


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Republic

The largest principalities were:
 
-Vladimir - Suzdal Principality
 
-Galitsko – Volinsky Principality
 
-Novgorod Boyar Republic




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VLADIMIR - SUZDAL PRINCIPALITY


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territory of the principality was well protected from external invasions by natural barriers - forests,

Vladimir - Suzdal Principality

Large cities - Rostov, Suzdal, Vladimir, Nizhny Novgorod
The territory of the principality was well protected from external invasions by natural barriers - forests, rivers
Princes:
Vladimir Monomakh (son of Vsevolod Yaroslavovich)
Yuri Dolgoruky (son of Vladimir Vsevolodovich Monomakh)
Andrey Bogolyubsky (son of Yuri Vladimirovich Dolgoruky)
Vsevolod the Big Nest (son of Yuri Vladimirovich Dolgoruky)

Rostov

Suzdal

Nizhny Novgorod

Vladimir


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a boyar council.Since Vladimir Monomakh, the princes began to pursue a policy of attracting, the

Vladimir - Suzdal Principality

The main feature is a strong princely power, a boyar council.

Since Vladimir Monomakh, the princes began to pursue a policy of attracting, the population to
infertile land through the provision of tax incentives(за счет предоставления налоговых льгот)

The Vladimir-Suzdal principality was by that time most powerful both economically and politically

The basis of the economy was developed agriculture. A developed economy gave princes the opportunity to strengthen their power in the struggle with their neighbors


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Active foreign trade (neighboring with Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary) Distance from nomads Availability of fertile


Galitsko – Volinsky Principality

Large cities - Galich, Vladimir-Volynsky, Brest, Lviv, Perzemysl
Active foreign trade (neighboring with Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary)
Distance from nomads
Availability of fertile lands and forests for trades
The unification of the Galician and Volin principalities took place in the XII century


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the boyars and the weak princely authorityThe people’s assemblies sought to participate in decision-making and



Galitsko – Volinsky Principality


The main feature is the strong position of the boyars and the weak princely authority

The people’s assemblies sought to participate in decision-making and limited the princely power

In the principality there was no permanent dynasty


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NOVGOROD BOYAR REPUBLIC


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(Western Europe-Rus-East and Byzantium) Crafts, salt production, beekeeping gave the boyars huge income Huge territory

NOVGOROD BOYAR REPUBLIC

Favorable geographical position - the crossroads of trade routes (Western Europe-Rus-East and Byzantium)
Crafts, salt production, beekeeping gave the boyars huge income
Huge territory (from the Arctic Ocean to the upper Volga)

Large cities – Novgorod, Pskov, Ladoga, Rusa


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cultureStrong authority of churchThe development of agricultureThe entry of individual principalities into the international arena

Consequences of feudal breaking up

Growth of cities and households
The development of culture
Strong authority of church
The development of agriculture
The entry of individual principalities into the international arena

Positive

Negative

The weakening of the military power of the Russian lands
Human deaths as a result of civil strife
The ruin of the household during the wars between the princes


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Thank you for your attention!


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