The Congress of The USA chose the site of the District of Columbia in 1790 to establish a new capital which they named under their first president. Washington D.C has been The United States capital city since 1800 when the government moved from Philadelphia. Washington D.C is more than a city but less than a state. It’s on the Potomac river and was built according to a plan by the French architect Pierre L’Enfant.
The Potomac River runs along the eastern coast of the USA, and is about 462 kms long. It flows southeast from the Appalachians through the District of Columbia into Chesapeake Bay.
It is the natural border between Virginia and the District of Columbia.
THE WHITE HOUSE
The White House is the official residence and principal workplace of the president of the USA. It is located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. It was built between 1792 and 1800. It has been the residence of every US president since John Adams, the 2nd one.
The United States Capitol is the meeting place of the United States Congress, the legislature of the Federal government of the United States composed of the Senate and the house of representatives. It is a bicameral legislature. Located in Washington, D.C., it sits atop Capitol Hill.
THE SUPREME COURT
The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest judicial body in the United States, and leads the federal judiciary. It consists of the Chief Justice of the United States and eight Associate Justices, who are nominated by the President.
The Pentagon is the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, located in Arlington County, Virginia. As a symbol of the U.S. military, "the Pentagon" is often used metonymically to to refer to the Department of Defense rather than the building itself.
The Washington Monument is an obelisk near the west end of the National Mall in Washington, D.C., built to commemorate the first U.S. president, General George Washington. The monument, made of marble, granite, and sandstone, is both the world's tallest stone structure and the world's tallest obelisk (169.294 m high).
Ford's Theatre is a historic theatre in Washington, D.C., used for various stage performances beginning in the 1860s. It is also the site of the assassination of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln on April 14, 1865. After being shot, the fatally wounded president was carried across the street to the Petersen House, where he died the next morning.
VIETNAM VETERANS MEMORIAL
The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is a national memorial in Washington, D.C. It honors U.S. service members of the U.S. armed forces who fought in the Vietnam War. The main part of the memorial was completed in 1982.
The Lincoln Memorial is an American memorial built to honor the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln. It is located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. and was dedicated on May 30, 1922.
The building is in the form of a Greek Doric temple and contains a large seated sculpture of Abraham Lincoln. The memorial
has been the site of many famous speeches, including Martin Luther King’s "I Have a Dream” delivered on August 28, 1963 .
The Thomas Jefferson Memorial is a presidential memorial in Washington, D.C. that is dedicated to Thomas Jefferson, an American Founding Father and the third president of the United States. Construction began in 1939, the building was completed in 1943, and the bronze statue of Jefferson was added in 1947.
WASHINGTON NATIONAL CATHEDRAL
The Washington National Cathedral, officially named the Cathedral Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul, is a cathedral of the Episcopal Church located in Washington, D.C. Construction began on September 29, 1907, when the foundation stone was laid in the presence of President
Theodore Roosevelt and a crowd of more than 20,000, and ended 83 years later when the last finial was placed in the presence of President George H. W. Bush in 1990.