Презентация на тему The present perfect tense

The ENGLISH TENSESThe PRESENT PERFECT tense PRESENT PERFECT 	have        + VIIIhas The PRESENT PERFECT tense   is used: 1) to express a present  RESULT of the past actions :“He hasn’t done his RESULTShe has picked a lot of apples. 2) to express life experience (ever, never):“Have you ever been a child?” 3) to express unfinished past (since, recently, for):They have been friends for 20 years. 4) to express a PAST action, period of time isn’t finished (already, just, yet, this PAST action,  time isn’t finished“I have been to the circus twice this week”. 5) to present new information:“Wow! I’ve got a 5!” new information“The police have arrested two men” 6). “It is the (first) time smth. has happened”“It is the (first) time I have 7). With state verbs instead of Continuous:  be, dislike, enjoy, feel, hate, hear, know, The Present Perfect is used with the following time expressions:justalwaysalready (+)/ yet (-;?)ever/ neversinceforlately/ recently
PRESENT PERFECT have + VIIIhas

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The ENGLISH TENSESThe PRESENT PERFECT tense

The ENGLISH TENSES

The PRESENT PERFECT tense


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PRESENT PERFECT 	have    + VIIIhas

PRESENT
PERFECT
have
+ VIII
has


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The PRESENT PERFECT tense  is used:

The PRESENT PERFECT tense is used:


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1) to express a present RESULT of the past actions :“He hasn’t done his homework”.

1) to express a present RESULT of the past actions :

“He hasn’t done his homework”.


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RESULTShe has picked a lot of apples.

RESULT

She has picked a lot of apples.


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2) to express life experience (ever, never):“Have you ever been a child?”

2) to express life experience (ever, never):

“Have you ever been a child?”


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3) to express unfinished past (since, recently, for):They have been friends for 20 years.

3) to express unfinished past (since, recently, for):

They have been friends for 20 years.



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4) to express a PAST action, period of time isn’t finished (already, just, yet, this

4) to express a PAST action, period of time isn’t finished (already, just, yet, this year):

“You have already had six cakes!”.


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PAST action, time isn’t finished“I have been to the circus twice this week”.

PAST action, time isn’t finished

“I have been to the circus twice this week”.


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5) to present new information:“Wow! I’ve got a 5!”

5) to present new information:


“Wow! I’ve got a 5!”


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new information“The police have arrested two men”

new information

“The police have arrested two men”


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6). “It is the (first) time smth. has happened”“It is the (first) time I have

6). “It is the (first) time smth. has happened”

“It is the (first) time
I have won a lotery!”




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7). With state verbs instead of Continuous: be, dislike, enjoy, feel, hate, hear, know, like,

7). With state verbs instead of Continuous: be, dislike, enjoy, feel, hate, hear, know, like, prefer, remember, see, smell, taste, etc.

«I have always liked this film».


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The Present Perfect is used with the following time expressions:justalwaysalready (+)/ yet (-;?)ever/ neversinceforlately/ recently

The Present Perfect is used with the following time expressions:

just
always
already (+)/ yet (-;?)
ever/ never
since
for
lately/ recently


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